Anderson is alleged to have abused and pushed Jadeja as the players left the field of play on day two of the opening Test at Trent Bridge.
The England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) has reacted with surprise to Anderson being charged for what they call a 'minor incident'.
"The ECB has today reacted with surprise that the India team has made allegations against James Anderson under Level 3 of the ICC Code of Conduct for a minor incident involving Ravindra Jadeja during the first Investec Test match at Trent Bridge," an ECB statement read.
"In the light of this the ECB has notified the ICC of its intention to lodge code of conduct breaches against Jadeja.
"James Anderson categorically denies the accusations made against him and the ECB have pledged their total support for the player should he be charged by ICC."
As per the ICC Code of Conduct, Level Three charges are referred to a Judicial Commissioner for adjucation, and a hearing will now be held as soon as is practically possible.
"The alleged offence has been reported under Article 2.3.3 of the ICC Code of Conduct for Players and Player Support Personnel, which states: 'Where the facts of the alleged incident are not adequately or clearly covered by any of the above offences, conduct that either: (a) is contrary to the spirit of the game; or (b) brings the game into disrepute'," an ICC statement confirmed.
"Anderson has been charged for allegedly abusing and pushing Ravindra Jadeja immediately after they left the field for lunch on Thursday. It is alleged that this was a continuation of a verbal altercation between Anderson and Jadeja as they were walking from the field."
England and India drew the first Test and the second Test gets underway at Lord's on Thursday.
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