Boot Camp: The Inside Track On Cricket Footwear
Admit it, you under-appreciate your feet.
During a hard game you are on them for 2-3 hours at a time, working with your ankles and legs to keep you upright, balanced and performing to your best.
Every step you run generates a force that is 2.5x your body weight through your foot. If you are a fast bowler the impact at the point of delivery jumps up to 9x.
They take a lot.
Yet how much consideration do you give to your boots?
Nothing more than a cursory glance.
It's time that changed.
What do you look for in a good cricket boot?
That is harder to answer than you might think. The reason for this is that there is a difference between what sport science thinks is best and what shoe manufacturers make.
The science of feet
There is little doubt that the best way for our feet to function is barefoot. That may seem a surprise to those who have been brought up on the common knowledge of more cushioning and more support.
But people have been around a lot longer than trainers have.
We are designed by nature to be able to walk, run, hunt and gather without shoes. Our feet have an incredibly thick skin and amazing feedback system that works with the support muscles in our legs and hips to allow for heavy impacts and excellent balance.
Various studies have backed this up:
• Runners with old shoes are less likely to be injured than runners with newer shoes.
• The more cushioning in your shoe, the more likely the injury.
• The thicker and harder the sole of your shoe, the worse your balance becomes.
You can read about all these studies in a long article by Dr. Froncioni, an orthopedic surgeon here (worth reading though).
On top of this, injury rates in fast bowlers continue to increase despite increases in cushioning and support in their shoes.
I have also seen anecdotal evidence with basketball players that the more support the shoe gives your ankle, the weaker and less flexible the ankle becomes.
Despite this evidence, walking into any shop that sells trainers or cricket boots shows you the opposite.
More support and more cushioning.
Where does that leave our poor feet in all this?
It's a personal thing. Most of us can't play barefoot after years of conditioning our feet to be in shoes. We have to find a compromise: the more we can do to minimise the risk of injury with our footwear the better.
Cut is how high the boot goes up your ankle. With cricket shoes the two options are high cut bowling boots and shoe cut boots for batting and fielding.
Fast bowlers are the main users of bowling boots as they are designed to support the ankle. As we are not bowling in bare feet, the chance of slipping in medium cut boots and socks is higher, so this is sensible.
But we already know that this can reduce the range of motion of your ankle, another injury risk.
To overcome this, make sure you are warming up before and cooling down after play/training with 5 minutes of ankle mobility.
Also a bit of gentle bowling and fielding in bare feet will work wonders. Yes, really. It’s not village but take it easy and make sure the ground is safe from stones/glass/other stuff that hurts.
Unless you are a fast bowler, the spike in your boots is a matter of preference. There are 4 main options:
• Full spike
• Half spike (where the spikes are just at the front)
• Rubbers (with no spikes, just rubber moulded grips)
• Adjustable (can add or remove spikes and replace with rubber)
Fast bowlers need a full spike for the extra stability. Always wear them unless you are prevented from doing so by playing on artificial surfaces.
Other players can go with whatever option is most comfortable. The more spikes you have the more grip you have in the surface which is a double edged sword. On one hand you are less likely to slip and fall on the other hand you may get your foot caught in the ground and turn your ankle or knee.
Generally the softer the surface the more useful spikes become, the harder the surface the less you need them.
As we know, cushioning is doing more harm than good.
For this reason avoid manufacturer named cushioning technology like Gel and Air: a simple shoe with as thin a sole as possible is statistically superior. You are less likely to get injured.
Think of it as the difference between playing cricket on grass against playing cricket on a mattress. What’s going to give you better balance and stability?
If you do buy something with lots of cushioning try and 'break it in' before using it for a full game.
It's out of fashion at the moment, but the final consideration is how much protection your boot gives you from impact.
If you face 90mph yorkers a toe protector is a sensible consideration. However, they do increase the weight of the boot making sprinting a little harder.
• Wear older boots, and break in new ones slowly.
• Go barefoot as often as you can in normal life.
• Consider wearing barefoot style training shoes like 'Nike Free' in the gym or nets.
• Remember to mobilise your ankles in your warm ups.
• There is no one perfect shoe. Experiment until you find something comfortable for you.
In the future manufacturers may come up with something better for cricket. Shoes are already appearing that more accurately mimic the feet but there is nothing for cricket yet, specifically fast bowlers who have the highest risk.
Until then, experimentation and compromise are the only solution.
by David Hinchliffe, PitchVision Academy
© 2011 miSport Ltd