The ICC has approved major changes to its governance, competition and financial structures following a board meeting in Singapore.
Associates and Affiliates will now be given a pathway to play Test cricket. The winners of the ICC Intercontinental Cup will play off against the lowest-ranked Full Member for the right to play Test cricket.
There will also be an increase in funding for Associate and Affiliate Members.
The World Test Championship has been shelved and the Champions Trophy will be held in 2017 and 2021.
A Test cricket fund will be introduced to help all Full Members play home Tests until 2023 and that all Full Members will enter into a series of contractually-binding bi-lateral agreements in order that a comprehensive Future Tours Programme can be drawn up.
The fund will be available to all members except the Cricket Australia (CA), England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) and the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI).
Full Members will also be further recognised financially for their contribution made to the game, taking into account their finance, history and on-field performance.
The ICC claims that this recognition will ensure that no nation will be any worse off than they are currently and that financial projections suggest that most will be better off as a result.
The BCCI's N Srinivasan will chair the ICC Board, which is to remain the primary decision-making body of the ICC, from later this year.
A new Executive Committee (ExCo) has been formed to report to the board and this will be chaired by CA's Wally Edwards while ECB's Giles Clarke will continue to chair the Finance and Commercial Affairs Committee (F & CA).
BCCI, CA and ECB will be represented on both sub-committees along with two other elected Full Member representatives.
The measures were passed by the ICC Board although the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) and Sri Lanka Cricket (SLC) abstained from the vote.
"The Board has made some significant decisions today which provide us with long-term certainty in relation to the future governance, competition and financial models of the ICC," ICC President Alan Isaac said.
"This decision comes after extensive discussions between Members that I helped initiate and were given impetus through a position paper presented by the BCCI, Cricket Australia and ECB in early January.
"Since this time a set of resolutions have been drafted, negotiated and modified – based on a set of principles agreed by the ICC Board on 28 January – and finalized at the meeting today.
"There were eight Full Members who were in a position to support the resolution today and the two who abstained have pledged to further discuss the issues with an aim to reaching unanimous approval over the coming weeks."
ICC Chief Executive David Richardson added: "We now have clear direction from the Board and it is our job to implement the approved resolution."
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