Virat Kohli stroked his maiden Test century but India still trailed Australia by 382 runs at stumps on day three of the fourth and final Test in Adelaide.
Kohli scored a patient 116 in 213 balls as India were bowled out for 272 in reply to 604 for seven declared, Australia then batting again and closing on 50 for three in their second innings.
Kohli lacked support as only Wriddhaman Saha (35), Gautam Gambhir (34) and Sachin Tendulkar (24) could make starts.
Peter Siddle was Australia's chief destroyer, picking up figures of five for 49, including the wickets of Gambhir and Tendulkar.
Kohli fell after hitting 11 fours and one six when he was trapped in front by Ben Hilfenhaus, who also dismissed Rahul Dravid on day two and then Ishant Sharma for 16.
There was a wicket apiece for Ryan Harris and off-spinner Nathan Lyon.
After deciding against enforcing the follow-on, Australia had lost their top three batsmen with 40 runs on the board - a similar situation to the one they found themselves on the opening day, from which they recovered thanks to double-centuries from Ricky Ponting (221) and MIchael Clarke (210).
Ravichandran Ashwin had David Warner caught and bowled for 28 and Ed Cowan trapped in front for ten while Zaheer Khan had Shaun Marsh (0) dismissed leg before.
Ponting was unbeaten on one and Clarke had nine at stumps.
Australia lead the series 3-0.
© Cricket World 2012
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