The 3-0 loss against Sri Lanka was Australia’s third consecutive Test series whitewash in Asia and it cost the team a total of 10 points.
The win gave Sri Lanka a gain of 10 points and they have jumped past South Africa to lay claim to the sixth spot with a total haul of 95 points.
However, India, who currently have 112 points, need to win the fourth Test against West Indies in Trinidad if they are to maintain their number one ranking.
Australia’s drop to the third spot pushed Pakistan up to the second spot and the Misbah-ul-Haq led side will claim the pole position if India fail to win their fourth Test against West Indies.
This is the second time in under 12 months that Pakistan have claimed the second spot while India have also reached the number one rank earlier this year before losing out to Australia.
Australia and England have 108 points each but Steven Smith’s side are ahead after the calculations were extended beyond the decimal point.
After the completion of the India-West Indies Test series, there is expected to be a minor shuffle in the rankings as South Africa and New Zealand are set to engage in a two-match series starting on 19th August.
© Cricket World 2016