The Australian selectors have also named Victoria's fast-bowler Scott Boland on standby as a backup for the pacers.
Apart from the inclusion of Coulter-Nile the selectors have named an unchanged squad that featured in the day-night Test against New Zealand in Adelaide.
Chairman of the Australian selectors Rod Marsh believes that Coulter-Nile is ready to play Test cricket if the need arises for his selection in the final XI.
Australia squad for first Test
David Warner, Joe Burns, Steven Smith (captain), Adam Voges, Shaun Marsh, Mitchell Marsh, Peter Nevill (wk), Peter Siddle, James Pattinson, Nathan Coulter-Nile, Josh Hazlewood, Nathan Lyon, Scott Boland (standby)
“With the exception of a forced change through the injury to Mitchell Starc we have decided to keep an unchanged squad following a successful series win against a strong New Zealand side.
“In an ideal world we would have liked Nathan Coulter-Nile to have played some more Sheffield Shield cricket but he has been a proven performer for Australia in short-format cricket and has very good pace.
“We think he is ready to compete at Test level if required.”
Another injury concern for Australia is Peter Siddle, who battled through back spasms in the third Test match in Adelaide.
Marsh also hoped that the fast bowlers can recover in time for the first Test against West Indies failing which he is confident that Boland will be ready to step up to the task.
"Hopefully all the bowlers from the Adelaide Test recover well over the next few days but we are mindful our fast bowlers have had a heavy workload over this series.
"Scott presents as a good option if the situation with any of our fast-bowlers change.
"He’s bowling very well at the moment and is not far off selection.
"His seven-wicket haul against Western Australia showed just what he can do at an elite level."
It is expected that James Pattinson will replace Starc in the playing XI in the first Test match against West Indies which gets underway on 10th December in Hobart.
© Cricket World 2015